Skip to main content
 
 
 

Computing & Digital Evidence

Computing & Digital Evidence at Keith Borer Consultants

Digital evidence is everywhere.  We have seen an explosion in the everyday use of digital devices in recent years.  Everything from computers or laptops to memory cards, DVDs, sat-navs and online websites can contain critical digital evidence.  Furthermore, fragments of deleted information that can be located and reconstructed may be the key to evaluating the evidence in the case.  Our Digital Experts are forensic scientists who use specialist techniques to safely examine digital storage media and devices whilst maintaining the original evidence in line with ACPO guidelines, thereby ensuring their findings are suitable for presentation in criminal, civil, or other court proceedings.  As the field has progressed, the older terms Computer Forensics, Cyber Forensics, Digital Evidence Recovery and Internet Forensics have generally been assimilated under the heading of Digital Forensics.

It is critical to distinguish between the mere existence of files or images and evaluative evidence that serves to reliably establish their provenance.  For example, assessing the likely source of such material and whether the evidence supports an assertion that the defendant was deliberately seeking the charged material, or if it was inadvertently accessed.  It is also important to analyse the relevant witness statements to assess whether alternative explanations may be possible, such as another user of the computer being responsible for the presence of the material.  We also comment upon whether malware such as viruses or remote access to the computer is consistent with the evidence.

Our Computer and Digital Experts’ caseload is not restricted, however, to criminal law.  In the business arena intellectual property theft, data leakage, industrial espionage and potentially bogus tribunal claims are just some of the areas in which our investigative, analytical and technical skills and experience have been exceptionally effective.  It is also of note that a professional examination of digital material may be necessary in the exercising of “due diligence”, where such must be shown.

Each year our highly experienced experts undertake dozens of computer examinations for all types of offences, even those not traditionally associated with computer evidence.  Examples include:

  • Indecent Images of Children, Prohibited Images of Children, and Extreme Pornography

We can verify the classification of such images against the SGC scale (sometimes erroneously referred to as the “Oliver Scale” or the “Copine Scale”) and draw attention to any case law that may be relevant to the charges.  Establishing how the images came to be on the computer, what search terms were used, and who may have been responsible is our speciality.  This has become an even greater priority since the prosecuting authorities have started to commence proceedings on “triage” evidence, which does not consider the provenance of the digital evidence.

If you are a CrimeLine subscriber, you can find our IIOC podcast HERE.

  • Rape and Assault

Conversations on platforms such as Facebook, Skype, Twitter, and Windows Live Messenger can often provide crucial evidence in supporting or debunking the statement of a witness, defendant, or complainant.  We can log in to your client’s Facebook account and exhibit such messages ready for Court.  Alternatively, if the messages have been deleted, we can examine the computers of all involved parties to recover the conversation.

  • Fraud, Money Laundering, or Supply of Drugs

A very significant proportion of crimes, specifically “white collar crime” and those related to classified drugs now have an online element.  In addition to social media and instant messaging conversations, recovery of deleted emails can provide a clear overview of communications between individuals, and may be able to demonstrate a suspect’s involvement in a crime, or ignorance of the act.

  • Breach of Orders

Restrictions on what people can do online are becoming more common, including those imposed under restraining orders, sex offender orders and anti-terrorism controls.  We can examine the relevant computers and report as to whether, and if so under what circumstances, such restrictions may have been breached.

  • Disloyal Employees and Leaver Screening

It is a fact of the modern world that loyalty to an employer is no longer seen as a virtue by some sections of the workforce.  Couple this with the straightened financial circumstances of the last few years, and the offer by a competitor of a financial inducement to steal company-confidential data may prove too much of a temptation.

It is also an unfortunately common occurrence for a departing employee to take sensitive data with them when they leave.  We have the facility to screen digital equipment, particularly laptops and memory devices, used by the employee for any indications of potential data leakage.  If we find such evidence, we can discuss the options with you.

Our Computer and Digital Experts use exactly the same methodologies in such cases as we do in high profile criminal cases.  If the evidence is there, we will find it and present it in a form suitable for use in disciplinary proceedings or litigation.

Our commitment to you is to provide an accurate, complete and unbiased report in plain English.  If it is necessary to use technical terms, then these will be explained.  Often, when subjected to expert scrutiny, evidence that initially appears to be convincing or even overwhelming may be shown to be incomplete or misinterpreted.  We promise to deliver much more than a simple “data dump” of what was present.  As further reassurance, you will also have direct access to the examining expert to discuss their findings, which is particularly of benefit in a complex case.

What our customers say...

  • Mr Appleby was truly excellent. While giving evidence it was plain that he has achieved the perfect blend of clarity and authoritative charisma.

    Barrister, December 2019
  • Easy to find on Google and seemed like decent, legitimate company at decent price.

    Private client - March 2019
  • Have used Keith Borer in the past for many different types of reports and would do so again.

    Solicitor – December 2018
  • Thank you very much, again, for the professionalism of your expert witnesses.

    Barrister – November 2018
  • Found the service to be extremely helpful, given the timeframe in which the report was required.

    Solicitor, January 2020
  • Easy to contact, quick responses (particularly in the current circumstances), very helpful staff.

    Solicitor, April 2020
  • Mr Brown and the work he did were excellent in every respect.  We are grateful to him for his prompt and professional assistance.

    Solicitor – September 2018
  • I can say that I am very satisfied with the service I have received from KBC, starting with my initial phone call and interaction your colleague when I made my initial enquiry, right up to the report being received. I would certainly use KBC again and would recommend you to my colleagues.

    Solicitor, January 2020
  • Just a very high quality, professional service.

    Solicitor, December 2019
  • Your service was exemplary.

    Solicitor – January 2019
  • Mr Dampier made an incredibly complicated matter easy to understand.

    Barrister, February 2020
  • You guys are simply the best.

    Solicitor - September 2018
  • Clear communication, very good advice, good quality of forensic report.

    Solicitor – January 2019
  • Swift service.

    Solicitor, March 2020
  • Always a good service.

    Solicitor – September 2018
  • Helen Davey’s report is excellent, as are all the reports that she has written for us.  She is always very willing to provide advice and answer questions and is also a very nice person.

    Solicitor – July 2018
  • The Evidence given by Mr Dunnill resulted in the trial of issue being found in the client's favour, thereby avoiding immediate custodial sentence.

    Barrister, August 2019
  • Complete satisfaction with services.

    Solicitor, September 2019
  • Mr Prime reported to us with great efficiency and presented his evidence to the Jury in an extremely persuasive manner.

    Counsel, March 2020
  • Excellent reports within Legal Aid rates.

    Solicitor, November 2019
  • Have used you before and always found you efficient and easy to deal with.

    Solicitor – August 2018
  • Quick, efficient and professional.

    Solicitor - February 2019
  • We have used your services for some time and are very satisfied.

    Solicitor, November 2019
  • Helpful, speedy and good quality.

    Solicitor – May 2019
  • Prompt and efficient handling of initial enquiries and arrangements to inspect Prosecution exhibits.

    Solicitor - March 2019
  • We have used KBC on many occasions in the past and have always had a reliable service.

    Solicitor, April 2020
  • Reasonably priced compared to other experts.

    Solicitor – May 2019
  • Overall helpful and efficient service.

    Solicitor, September 2019
  • Prompt attention to dealing with queries and providing information and reports.

    Solicitor, March 2020
  • We were kept updated throughout the process and the report was provided promptly.

    Solicitor, January 2020
  • Quality service, helpful staff, prompt reports.  Our company has used Keith Borer Consultants for many years.

    Solicitor - February 2019
  • I have instructed you for many years and always find yourselves to be helpful, efficient and reports are prepared in an easy to digest format.

    Solicitor, October 2019
  • Extremely good customer service and continuous contact/support.

    Solicitor, November 2019
  • Mike Appleby's exceptional quality was noted by all of the Counsel involved in the case. It is always a pleasure to watch someone, who is good at something, doing it and doing it well.

    Barrister, December 2019
  • Eager to assist at very short notice and very helpful on the phone.

    Solicitor – May 2019
  • Exceptional service.

    Solicitor – November 2018
  • The website had all the key words that I was looking to see for an expert in the area of interest.

    Solicitor – October 2018
  • Knowledgeable, helpful and polite.

    Solicitor, June 2020
  • Comprehensive and comprehendible expert’s report; first class response to queries.

    Solicitor – December 2018
  • We find you reliable and expeditious.

    Solicitor – July 2019
  • Jenny Gray was excellent and very helpful throughout.

    Barrister, November 2019
  • Very quick response to both our initial email enquiry and all emails. Helpful and approachable staff and experts.

    Solicitor – August 2018
  • The service was both timely and accurate - exactly what was required in a developing trial.

    Solicitor – November 2018
  • Quick telephone answering, excellent understanding of the issues facing us i.e. prior authority, court dates changing at last moment, need for rapid responses.

    Solicitor – December 2018
  • Thank you for writing the report so quickly. Very helpful.

    Solicitor – August 2018
  • Always try to instruct, if possible, due to excellent service provided.

    Solicitor, September 2019
  • Please thank Sarah Morley for her sterling work.

    Solicitor – November 2018
  • Extremely prompt service.

    Solicitor – July 2019
  • Efficient and very responsive.

    Solicitor - April 2019
  • I have to thank you for all the help you have given me in preparing for this and in giving your evidence, which I think was very convincing and went a long way to this acquittal. 

    Solicitor - March 2019
  • I would like to thank you both for all your help on this case, and the tasks you had to perform at short notice.  Your assistance was greatly appreciated.

    Solicitor - May 2019
  • Richard Brown always provides accurate and impartial advice, which makes the advocate’s job so much easier when advising clients or presenting the case in court.

    Barrister – November 2018
  • I was delighted by Mrs Tweedy's professional and thorough approach.

    Mr Saltrese - September 2019
  • Alan Henderson was excellent.  Very knowledgeable on this area of law.  Provided an excellent report, with speed.

    Solicitor – November 2018
  • Mr Brown was an impressive witness. As far as I am concerned, you can give him full marks all round.

    Counsel, March 2020
  • Consistently reliable. Reports are very easy to read.

    Solicitor – July 2019
  • There are times when DNA evidence can be a little dry, but Mike Appleby's presentation and delivery to the jury was pitch perfect.

    Barrister, December 2019
  • Adrian Armstrong is an excellent witness who easily out-shone the police expert.

    Barrister - November 2018
  • Your report is fantastic and much appreciated.

    Private client - April 2019
  • Great communication and updates.

    Solicitor – December 2018
  • Very fast, professional, easy to instruct.

    Solicitor, November 2019
  • Known to us as credible experts, who provide a first class service.

    Solicitor – December 2018
  • I cannot speak more highly of the quality of the report.  Mr Prime is now my ‘go to’ expert.

    Solicitor – September 2018
  • Mike Prime’s presentation on paper, in conferences and from the witness box was excellent on what is a very difficult and sad case.  My client’s family particularly wished to express their gratitude.  They found that he made “more sense than the prosecution expert”.

    Solicitor – October 2018
  • Have used many times previously and always been extremely satisfied with the service and reports.

    Solicitor – November 2018
  • Value for money.

    Solicitor, May 2020
  • We have been instructing KBC for the last 20 years or so, and they are listed as our first choice on our database. I have never had any cause for complaint and the experts have always acted with integrity and professionalism.

    Solicitor – January 2019
  • Mr Armstrong was very professional and presented his analysis to the Jury in a very helpful way.

    Barrister – July 2019
  • Good service, prompt, efficient, have used many times in the past.

    Solicitor, April 2020
  • Simon Bunter is extraordinarily knowledgeable, remarkably efficient and a wonderful communicator. I cannot recommend him highly enough.

    Barrister, December 2019
  • I found the service to be very professional throughout.

    Solicitor, October 2019
  • After the initial phone call, I knew I had contacted the right organisation.  The report just reaffirmed what I already knew.

    Solicitor – October 2018
  • I am very impressed by your service.

    Solicitor, February 2020
  • Fast service; timely response to communication.

    Solicitor, January 2020
  • Simon Bunter is as good an expert as I have ever worked with.

    Barrister, December 2019
  • The prosecutor found Dr Davey's report particularly well considered which undoubtedly informed his decision not to proceed with the case. Can I thank you very much for your help in this matter.

    Solicitor – December 2018
  • Quick response, easily contactable.  Never had to instruct expert for this type of report and you provided us with all the information to enable us to request the necessary consent from CPS etc.  Very helpful.

    Solicitor – November 2018
  • Please pass on my gratitude to Mr Marryat for being able to compile a report in such a quick turnaround. Much appreciated.

    Solicitor, August 2019
  • Alan Henderson was a very knowledgeable witness, clearly very familiar with his subject matter and capable of explaining it too. I would not hesitate to use him in the future.

    Barrister, August 2019
  • I found Mr Prime to be a very good natured and competent expert witness who presented well in the witness box.

    Barrister – July 2019
  • Thanks to Sarah Morley for her help: her evidence was very important in bringing this case to justice and it is greatly appreciated.

    Solicitor - August 2019
  • Mr Beatson was very helpful and professional, clearly with a wide range of knowledge and understanding.

    Solicitor, March 2020
  • It is always easy to contact KBC and to get a prompt reply.

    Solicitor – July 2019
  • Reliable and trustworthy.

    Solicitor – August 2018
  • Prompt and reliable service.

    Solicitor – October 2018
  • Quick, professional, friendly, comprehensive.

    Prison Governor, June 2020
  • We would be extremely grateful if you could thank Ms Gray again for her incredible report.

    Solicitor - March 2019
  • Richard Brown is an excellent expert witness.

    Barrister – November 2018
  • Prompt provision of report and prompt reply to queries.

    Solicitor, November 2019
  • Many thanks for your very helpful and professional report.

    Solicitor – June 2019
  • I instructed Mr Armstrong on a recommendation from another counsel and will certainly recommend him to my colleagues in future.

    Barrister – November 2018
  • We are very grateful to Mr Marryat for all the hard work he has done for us.

    Solicitor – June 2019
  • Thank you for your hard work in this case and for the prompt responses. 

    Barrister, March 2020
  • Efficient and helpful in a complex case.

    Solicitor – December 2018
  • We have been using your services for a number of years and have always been very happy with the service provided.

    Solicitor - April 2019
  • Please pass on my thanks to Emma Youngson for the speed at which she completed the report; I am very grateful.

    Solicitor - July 2019
  • Jenny Gray acted with the utmost integrity throughout. This was noted in open court by the judge hearing the case.

    Solicitor, October 2019
  • Prompt and efficient communication, met the deadline, carried out the instructions.

    Solicitor – October 2018
  • I will definitely use Dr Schudel in the future and will be recommending him to my colleagues.

    Counsel, March 2020
  • Quick response to our request; friendly members of staff.

    Solicitor – September 2018
  • Please thank Orla Sower for her excellent work on this case.

    Solicitor – November 2018
  • Friendliness and complete empathy in what was a very stressful situation for me.

    Private client – September 2018
  • We have used KBC for our forensic requirements for many years. The service has always been excellent, timely and useful.

    Solicitor – November 2018
  • I am really grateful for your assistance in this case; I am sure it made the pivotal difference.

    Solicitor – May 2019
  • We’ve had years of excellent service from you.

    Solicitor – August 2018
  • Quick and efficient; and well laid out report.

    Solicitor, November 2019
  • Thank you for getting back to me so quickly. This is exactly what we needed.

    Solicitor – July 2019
  • We have used KBC for many years: always helpful, plenty of experts & LAA seems to be happy with estimates for CRM4 application purposes.

    Solicitor - August 2019
  • Mr Cook completed the report very quickly and to a high standard, despite the very short timeframe in which he was given.

    Solicitor – October 2018
  • I have previously attended a demonstration of the techniques used by the experts at Keith Borer Consultants.  What they can achieve is genuinely astonishing.  I require my instructing solicitor to immediately contact Keith Borer Consultants and seek out their assistance.

    Colin Buckle, Barrister – September 2018
  • I found the quality of the report very high, and I am aware that Dr Davey had to work hard to hit the deadline because of other commitments.

    Solicitor – January 2019
  • I have had the pleasure of the assistance of Mike Appleby on a number of occasions now and he is an excellent man to have around. 

    Counsel, March 2020
  • I was very impressed both with the clarity of Dr Davey’s report to the layperson, and her even-handedness. The objective tone of the report and the fact that the opposing party’s expert agreed with the analysis gave Dr. Davey’s evidence a huge amount of credibility. I would recommend her to anyone in need of similar evidence and have no doubt that her evidence was vital to us winning the case.

    Diarmuid Laffan, Barrister - June 2019
  • Mrs Allan gave extremely clear evidence.

    Barrister – July 2019
  • Dr Helen Davey was, as always, excellent. From her initial report to her attendance at a conference and court. Her expertise is apparent and her ability to explain difficult issues is outstanding.

    Counsel – August 2018
  • Extremely efficient.

    Solicitor – August 2018
  • Mr Cook’s report was easy to follow for those who are not experts in this field and explained the method and conclusion fully.

    Solicitor – October 2018
  • Mr Prime attended punctually on each day of this case.  He possesses a very approachable and helpful attitude.

    Solicitor – October 2018
  • Always a pleasure working with you guys; our first choice for instruction.

    Solicitor, November 2019
  • John Tarpey's expert report was full and allowed me to present the material to the court effectively and allowed me, with his assistance, to effectively challenge the prosecution expert's assertions.

    Barrister – November 2018
  • Easy to use BAC calculation form, fast turn around.

    Solicitor, September 2019
  • Excellent communication, timescales met despite difficulties with police & CPS.

    Solicitor – November 2018
  • I was very grateful to your Mike Prime for assistance he gave me on a case recently when he went out of his way to assist, despite the fact a trial was imminent and it became clear I would not have the chance to formally instruct at that point. I thought that was very impressive.

    Solicitor – October 2018
  • I was able to have a meaningful conversation with a specialist when obtaining a quote for the work.

    Solicitor, June 2020
  • Very quick turnaround, with attention to detail and helpful comments.

    Solicitor, January 2020
  • Service had a quick turnaround and any queries were quickly addressed.

    Solicitor - March 2019
  • Extremely quick and efficient.

    Solicitor – September 2018
  • Clear information about cost, speed and efficiency of report.

    Solicitor - March 2019
  • Mr Armstrong impressed throughout the trial as a real expert in his field. It was apparent too that Mr Armstrong was entirely impartial.

    Counsel, March 2020
  • Both our client and I were very impressed by your expert evidence. I will be singing your praises for years to come.

    Solicitor – July 2019
  • Communication and speed of delivery of information was, as always, excellent.

    Solicitor, April 2020
  • Mr Cook’s evidence was clear and concise and did not waiver under cross-examination.  His efforts in this case are greatly appreciated.

    Solicitor – October 2018

Keith Borer Consultants is a division of Orchid Cellmark Ltd, a company registered in England at 16 Blacklands Way, Abingdon, OX14 1DY.

Registered No. 4045527; VAT registration No. GB 750 0292 64

Website developed by Problue Solutions