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Computing & Digital Evidence

Computing & Digital Evidence at Keith Borer Consultants

Digital evidence is everywhere.  We have seen an explosion in the everyday use of digital devices in recent years.  Everything from computers or laptops to memory cards, DVDs, sat-navs and online websites can contain critical digital evidence.  Furthermore, fragments of deleted information that can be located and reconstructed may be the key to evaluating the evidence in the case.  Our Digital Experts are forensic scientists who use specialist techniques to safely examine digital storage media and devices whilst maintaining the original evidence in line with ACPO guidelines, thereby ensuring their findings are suitable for presentation in criminal, civil, or other court proceedings.  As the field has progressed, the older terms Computer Forensics, Cyber Forensics, Digital Evidence Recovery and Internet Forensics have generally been assimilated under the heading of Digital Forensics.

It is critical to distinguish between the mere existence of files or images and evaluative evidence that serves to reliably establish their provenance.  For example, assessing the likely source of such material and whether the evidence supports an assertion that the defendant was deliberately seeking the charged material, or if it was inadvertently accessed.  It is also important to analyse the relevant witness statements to assess whether alternative explanations may be possible, such as another user of the computer being responsible for the presence of the material.  We also comment upon whether malware such as viruses or remote access to the computer is consistent with the evidence.

Our Computer and Digital Experts’ caseload is not restricted, however, to criminal law.  In the business arena intellectual property theft, data leakage, industrial espionage and potentially bogus tribunal claims are just some of the areas in which our investigative, analytical and technical skills and experience have been exceptionally effective.  It is also of note that a professional examination of digital material may be necessary in the exercising of “due diligence”, where such must be shown.

Each year our highly experienced experts undertake dozens of computer examinations for all types of offences, even those not traditionally associated with computer evidence.  Examples include:

  • Indecent Images of Children, Prohibited Images of Children, and Extreme Pornography

We can verify the classification of such images against the SGC scale (sometimes erroneously referred to as the “Oliver Scale” or the “Copine Scale”) and draw attention to any case law that may be relevant to the charges.  Establishing how the images came to be on the computer, what search terms were used, and who may have been responsible is our speciality.  This has become an even greater priority since the prosecuting authorities have started to commence proceedings on “triage” evidence, which does not consider the provenance of the digital evidence.

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  • Rape and Assault

Conversations on platforms such as Facebook, Skype, Twitter, and Windows Live Messenger can often provide crucial evidence in supporting or debunking the statement of a witness, defendant, or complainant.  We can log in to your client’s Facebook account and exhibit such messages ready for Court.  Alternatively, if the messages have been deleted, we can examine the computers of all involved parties to recover the conversation.

  • Fraud, Money Laundering, or Supply of Drugs

A very significant proportion of crimes, specifically “white collar crime” and those related to classified drugs now have an online element.  In addition to social media and instant messaging conversations, recovery of deleted emails can provide a clear overview of communications between individuals, and may be able to demonstrate a suspect’s involvement in a crime, or ignorance of the act.

  • Breach of Orders

Restrictions on what people can do online are becoming more common, including those imposed under restraining orders, sex offender orders and anti-terrorism controls.  We can examine the relevant computers and report as to whether, and if so under what circumstances, such restrictions may have been breached.

  • Disloyal Employees and Leaver Screening

It is a fact of the modern world that loyalty to an employer is no longer seen as a virtue by some sections of the workforce.  Couple this with the straightened financial circumstances of the last few years, and the offer by a competitor of a financial inducement to steal company-confidential data may prove too much of a temptation.

It is also an unfortunately common occurrence for a departing employee to take sensitive data with them when they leave.  We have the facility to screen digital equipment, particularly laptops and memory devices, used by the employee for any indications of potential data leakage.  If we find such evidence, we can discuss the options with you.

Our Computer and Digital Experts use exactly the same methodologies in such cases as we do in high profile criminal cases.  If the evidence is there, we will find it and present it in a form suitable for use in disciplinary proceedings or litigation.

Our commitment to you is to provide an accurate, complete and unbiased report in plain English.  If it is necessary to use technical terms, then these will be explained.  Often, when subjected to expert scrutiny, evidence that initially appears to be convincing or even overwhelming may be shown to be incomplete or misinterpreted.  We promise to deliver much more than a simple “data dump” of what was present.  As further reassurance, you will also have direct access to the examining expert to discuss their findings, which is particularly of benefit in a complex case.

What our customers say...

  • Easy to find on Google and seemed like decent, legitimate company at decent price.

    Private client - March 2019
  • I have had the pleasure of the assistance of Mike Appleby on a number of occasions now and he is an excellent man to have around. 

    Counsel, March 2020
  • Mr Armstrong impressed throughout the trial as a real expert in his field. It was apparent too that Mr Armstrong was entirely impartial.

    Counsel, March 2020
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    Solicitor – July 2019
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    Solicitor, October 2019
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    Private client, July 2020
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    Solicitor – May 2019
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    Solicitor, September 2019
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    Solicitor, April 2020
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    Barrister, December 2019
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    Barrister, February 2020
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    Solicitor – December 2018
  • Alan Henderson was a very knowledgeable witness, clearly very familiar with his subject matter and capable of explaining it too. I would not hesitate to use him in the future.

    Barrister, August 2019
  • Jenny Gray was excellent and very helpful throughout.

    Barrister, November 2019
  • The Evidence given by Mr Dunnill resulted in the trial of issue being found in the client's favour, thereby avoiding immediate custodial sentence.

    Barrister, August 2019
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    Solicitor, January 2020
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    Solicitor, September 2020
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    Solicitor – December 2018
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    Solicitor - April 2019
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    Solicitor, July 2020
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    Solicitor - March 2019
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    Solicitor, August 2019
  • Just a very high quality, professional service.

    Solicitor, December 2019
  • Prompt and Professional and produces excellent reports.

    Solicitor, September 2020
  • I was very impressed both with the clarity of Dr Davey’s report to the layperson, and her even-handedness. The objective tone of the report and the fact that the opposing party’s expert agreed with the analysis gave Dr. Davey’s evidence a huge amount of credibility. I would recommend her to anyone in need of similar evidence and have no doubt that her evidence was vital to us winning the case.

    Diarmuid Laffan, Barrister - June 2019
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    Solicitor, November 2019
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    Private instruction, September 2020
  • I have to thank you for all the help you have given me in preparing for this and in giving your evidence, which I think was very convincing and went a long way to this acquittal. 

    Solicitor - March 2019
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    Mr Saltrese - September 2019
  • Your service was exemplary.

    Solicitor – January 2019
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    Solicitor, June 2020
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    Solicitor – December 2018
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    Solicitor, September 2019
  • Both our client and I were very impressed by your expert evidence. I will be singing your praises for years to come.

    Solicitor – July 2019
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    Private client - April 2019
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    Private instruction, September 2020
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    Solicitor – July 2019
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    Solicitor, March 2020
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    Solicitor - March 2019
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    Barrister, December 2019
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    Solicitor - March 2019
  • A thorough analysis, with well set out conclusions.

    Solicitor, July 2020
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    Barrister, March 2020
  • Extremely good customer service and continuous contact/support.

    Solicitor, November 2019
  • I found the quality of the report very high, and I am aware that Dr Davey had to work hard to hit the deadline because of other commitments.

    Solicitor – January 2019
  • Thanks to Sarah Morley for her help: her evidence was very important in bringing this case to justice and it is greatly appreciated.

    Solicitor - August 2019
  • Karl Ebejer was always prompt with responses and was very helpful.

    Solicitor, August 2020
  • Please pass on my thanks to Emma Youngson for the speed at which she completed the report; I am very grateful.

    Solicitor - July 2019
  • We have been instructing KBC for the last 20 years or so, and they are listed as our first choice on our database. I have never had any cause for complaint and the experts have always acted with integrity and professionalism.

    Solicitor – January 2019
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    Solicitor, February 2020
  • Mr Prime reported to us with great efficiency and presented his evidence to the Jury in an extremely persuasive manner.

    Counsel, March 2020
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    Solicitor, August 2020
  • Mr Appleby was truly excellent. While giving evidence it was plain that he has achieved the perfect blend of clarity and authoritative charisma.

    Barrister, December 2019
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    Solicitor, September 2020
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    Solicitor - March 2019
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    Solicitor – June 2019
  • I will definitely use Dr Schudel in the future and will be recommending him to my colleagues.

    Counsel, March 2020
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    Solicitor, March 2020
  • I found the service to be very professional throughout.

    Solicitor, October 2019
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    Solicitor, September 2020
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    Solicitor, June 2020
  • I can say that I am very satisfied with the service I have received from KBC, starting with my initial phone call and interaction your colleague when I made my initial enquiry, right up to the report being received. I would certainly use KBC again and would recommend you to my colleagues.

    Solicitor, January 2020
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    Solicitor – July 2019
  • Simon Bunter is as good an expert as I have ever worked with.

    Barrister, December 2019
  • Mr Armstrong was very professional and presented his analysis to the Jury in a very helpful way.

    Barrister – July 2019
  • Clear communication, very good advice, good quality of forensic report.

    Solicitor – January 2019
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    Solicitor – May 2019
  • Telephone communications were very helpful when we were not able to contact the expert directly. The call takers were knowledgeable as to the case and what was required and answered any queries we had.

    Solicitor, September 2020
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    Solicitor, April 2020
  • Mrs Allan gave extremely clear evidence.

    Barrister – July 2019
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    Solicitor, May 2020
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    Private instruction, September 2020
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    Solicitor, November 2019
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    Solicitor, September 2020
  • Quick and efficient; and well laid out report.

    Solicitor, November 2019
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    Solicitor – July 2019
  • Have used Keith Borer in the past for many different types of reports and would do so again.

    Solicitor – December 2018
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    Prison Governor, June 2020
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    Private instruction, September 2020
  • We have used KBC for many years: always helpful, plenty of experts & LAA seems to be happy with estimates for CRM4 application purposes.

    Solicitor - August 2019
  • I found Mr Prime to be a very good natured and competent expert witness who presented well in the witness box.

    Barrister – July 2019
  • Excellent reports within Legal Aid rates.

    Solicitor, November 2019
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    Solicitor, April 2020
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    Solicitor – May 2019
  • Always a pleasure working with you guys; our first choice for instruction.

    Solicitor, November 2019
  • Comprehensive and comprehendible expert’s report; first class response to queries.

    Solicitor – December 2018
  • The prosecutor found Dr Davey's report particularly well considered which undoubtedly informed his decision not to proceed with the case. Can I thank you very much for your help in this matter.

    Solicitor – December 2018
  • I would like to thank you both for all your help on this case, and the tasks you had to perform at short notice.  Your assistance was greatly appreciated.

    Solicitor - May 2019
  • I am really grateful for your assistance in this case; I am sure it made the pivotal difference.

    Solicitor – May 2019
  • We were kept updated throughout the process and the report was provided promptly.

    Solicitor, January 2020
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    Solicitor, July 2020
  • Mr Beatson was very helpful and professional, clearly with a wide range of knowledge and understanding.

    Solicitor, March 2020
  • Great communication and updates.

    Solicitor – December 2018
  • Regular contact, advice on hand via phone if necessary, prompt and efficient.

    Solicitor, August 2020
  • Mr Ebejer was always very professional and friendly.

    Solicitor, August 2020
  • Quality service, helpful staff, prompt reports.  Our company has used Keith Borer Consultants for many years.

    Solicitor - February 2019
  • Found the service to be extremely helpful, given the timeframe in which the report was required.

    Solicitor, January 2020
  • Jenny Gray acted with the utmost integrity throughout. This was noted in open court by the judge hearing the case.

    Solicitor, October 2019
  • Mr Brown was an impressive witness. As far as I am concerned, you can give him full marks all round.

    Counsel, March 2020
  • Quick, efficient and professional.

    Solicitor - February 2019
  • Very fast, professional, easy to instruct.

    Solicitor, November 2019
  • We are very grateful to Mr Marryat for all the hard work he has done for us.

    Solicitor – June 2019
  • Efficient and very responsive.

    Solicitor - April 2019
  • We find you reliable and expeditious.

    Solicitor – July 2019
  • Overall helpful and efficient service.

    Solicitor, September 2019
  • Fast service; timely response to communication.

    Solicitor, January 2020
  • Excellent client care and service.

    Solicitor, August 2020
  • Simon Bunter is extraordinarily knowledgeable, remarkably efficient and a wonderful communicator. I cannot recommend him highly enough.

    Barrister, December 2019
  • Always try to instruct, if possible, due to excellent service provided.

    Solicitor, September 2019
  • We have used KBC on many occasions in the past and have always had a reliable service.

    Solicitor, April 2020

Keith Borer Consultants is a division of Orchid Cellmark Ltd, a company registered in England at 16 Blacklands Way, Abingdon, OX14 1DY.

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