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Cell Site Analysis

Cell Site Analysis

Cell Site Analysis is a technique used to determine which cells a mobile telephone is likely to connect to given the features and behaviour of the mobile network at a particular geographical point or region of interest.  A forensic cell site expert can correlate this information to the call data records provided by the mobile networks to determine possible locations of a mobile phone at the time of past connections.

The geographical area that a cell covers is determined by a combination of factors including the cell type, cell orientation, transmission power, the arrangement of other cells, network usage and the physical features of the locality.  These cell characteristics are variable over time and therefore must be considered as part of a cell site analysis.

Some police forces use intelligence analysts to produce cell site mapping and/or conduct Radio Frequency Propagation Surveys (RFPS) as statements of fact.  Due to the complexity of cell site analysis, however, these facts may not tell the whole story.  For example, the Prosecution usually seek to demonstrate the cell site usage is consistent with their case, but this is rarely to the exclusion of other possibilities.  It is important to consider the defendant’s account of their movements against the cell usage to assess which account, if either, is more likely given the cell site usage pattern.

Using specialist surveying equipment, Keith Borer Consultants can conduct readings on 2G (GSM), 3G (UMTS) and 4G (LTE) technologies on all UK and Ireland mobile telephone networks. Being portable, this equipment allows us to take static readings inside or outside a location of interest or conduct drive surveys. We also offer paper-study exercises where appropriate, which include analysis of the path profile from the cells in question to the target area to assess the impact of physical obstructions which may impede the signal.

Cell Site Experts at Keith Borer Consultants can provide guidance for securing the necessary information from network providers, as well as advising you on the possibilities which could be investigated.  These can be of benefit in differentiating between the alternate accounts of events.  We aim to provide easy to use mapping, an interpretation of the evidence and, more importantly, what it means for your case.

If you are a CrimeLine subscriber, you can find our Cell Site Analysis podcast HERE.

What our customers say...

  • I instructed Mr Armstrong on a recommendation from another counsel and will certainly recommend him to my colleagues in future.

    Barrister – November 2018
  • Service had a quick turnaround and any queries were quickly addressed.

    Solicitor - March 2019
  • Easy to use BAC calculation form, fast turn around.

    Solicitor, September 2019
  • Always a good service.

    Solicitor – September 2018
  • Mr Cook’s report was easy to follow for those who are not experts in this field and explained the method and conclusion fully.

    Solicitor – October 2018
  • Mr Armstrong was very professional and presented his analysis to the Jury in a very helpful way.

    Barrister – July 2019
  • Simon Bunter is extraordinarily knowledgeable, remarkably efficient and a wonderful communicator. I cannot recommend him highly enough.

    Barrister, December 2019
  • Have used Keith Borer in the past for many different types of reports and would do so again.

    Solicitor – December 2018
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    Solicitor – November 2018
  • Please pass on my gratitude to Mr Marryat for being able to compile a report in such a quick turnaround. Much appreciated.

    Solicitor, August 2019
  • We have used KBC for our forensic requirements for many years. The service has always been excellent, timely and useful.

    Solicitor – November 2018
  • I was very grateful to your Mike Prime for assistance he gave me on a case recently when he went out of his way to assist, despite the fact a trial was imminent and it became clear I would not have the chance to formally instruct at that point. I thought that was very impressive.

    Solicitor – October 2018
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    Solicitor, July 2020
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    Solicitor – July 2019
  • The prosecutor found Dr Davey's report particularly well considered which undoubtedly informed his decision not to proceed with the case. Can I thank you very much for your help in this matter.

    Solicitor – December 2018
  • Prompt provision of report and prompt reply to queries.

    Solicitor, November 2019
  • Simon Bunter is as good an expert as I have ever worked with.

    Barrister, December 2019
  • Quick response to our request; friendly members of staff.

    Solicitor – September 2018
  • Richard Brown always provides accurate and impartial advice, which makes the advocate’s job so much easier when advising clients or presenting the case in court.

    Barrister – November 2018
  • Clear information about cost, speed and efficiency of report.

    Solicitor - March 2019
  • Mike Appleby's exceptional quality was noted by all of the Counsel involved in the case. It is always a pleasure to watch someone, who is good at something, doing it and doing it well.

    Barrister, December 2019
  • Very quick turnaround, with attention to detail and helpful comments.

    Solicitor, January 2020
  • We have used your services for some time and are very satisfied.

    Solicitor, November 2019
  • I was very impressed both with the clarity of Dr Davey’s report to the layperson, and her even-handedness. The objective tone of the report and the fact that the opposing party’s expert agreed with the analysis gave Dr. Davey’s evidence a huge amount of credibility. I would recommend her to anyone in need of similar evidence and have no doubt that her evidence was vital to us winning the case.

    Diarmuid Laffan, Barrister - June 2019
  • Please thank Sarah Morley for her sterling work.

    Solicitor – November 2018
  • Quick response, easily contactable.  Never had to instruct expert for this type of report and you provided us with all the information to enable us to request the necessary consent from CPS etc.  Very helpful.

    Solicitor – November 2018
  • The service was both timely and accurate - exactly what was required in a developing trial.

    Solicitor – November 2018
  • Known to us as credible experts, who provide a first class service.

    Solicitor – December 2018
  • We find you reliable and expeditious.

    Solicitor – July 2019
  • Thanks to Sarah Morley for her help: her evidence was very important in bringing this case to justice and it is greatly appreciated.

    Solicitor - August 2019
  • Overall helpful and efficient service.

    Solicitor, September 2019
  • Mrs Allan gave extremely clear evidence.

    Barrister – July 2019
  • Easy to contact, quick responses (particularly in the current circumstances), very helpful staff.

    Solicitor, April 2020
  • Service was excellent throughout.

    Solicitor, August 2020
  • Quick telephone answering, excellent understanding of the issues facing us i.e. prior authority, court dates changing at last moment, need for rapid responses.

    Solicitor – December 2018
  • We would be extremely grateful if you could thank Ms Gray again for her incredible report.

    Solicitor - March 2019
  • Eager to assist at very short notice and very helpful on the phone.

    Solicitor – May 2019
  • I was delighted by Mrs Tweedy's professional and thorough approach.

    Mr Saltrese - September 2019
  • The Evidence given by Mr Dunnill resulted in the trial of issue being found in the client's favour, thereby avoiding immediate custodial sentence.

    Barrister, August 2019
  • Always try to instruct, if possible, due to excellent service provided.

    Solicitor, September 2019
  • Mr Cook completed the report very quickly and to a high standard, despite the very short timeframe in which he was given.

    Solicitor – October 2018
  • Mr Armstrong impressed throughout the trial as a real expert in his field. It was apparent too that Mr Armstrong was entirely impartial.

    Counsel, March 2020
  • I am very impressed by your service.

    Solicitor, February 2020
  • A thorough analysis, with well set out conclusions.

    Solicitor, July 2020
  • After the initial phone call, I knew I had contacted the right organisation.  The report just reaffirmed what I already knew.

    Solicitor – October 2018
  • Quick, efficient service and a well-prepared report.

    Solicitor, July 2020
  • I have previously attended a demonstration of the techniques used by the experts at Keith Borer Consultants.  What they can achieve is genuinely astonishing.  I require my instructing solicitor to immediately contact Keith Borer Consultants and seek out their assistance.

    Colin Buckle, Barrister – September 2018
  • Prompt attention to dealing with queries and providing information and reports.

    Solicitor, March 2020
  • It is always easy to contact KBC and to get a prompt reply.

    Solicitor – July 2019
  • Mr Prime attended punctually on each day of this case.  He possesses a very approachable and helpful attitude.

    Solicitor – October 2018
  • Mr Cook’s evidence was clear and concise and did not waiver under cross-examination.  His efforts in this case are greatly appreciated.

    Solicitor – October 2018
  • Please thank Orla Sower for her excellent work on this case.

    Solicitor – November 2018
  • Mr Brown and the work he did were excellent in every respect.  We are grateful to him for his prompt and professional assistance.

    Solicitor – September 2018
  • Thank you very much, again, for the professionalism of your expert witnesses.

    Barrister – November 2018
  • Found the service to be extremely helpful, given the timeframe in which the report was required.

    Solicitor, January 2020
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    Solicitor - April 2019
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    Solicitor, November 2019
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    Solicitor – January 2019
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    Solicitor – June 2019
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    Solicitor, April 2020
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    Private client – September 2018
  • Richard Brown is an excellent expert witness.

    Barrister – November 2018
  • I cannot speak more highly of the quality of the report.  Mr Prime is now my ‘go to’ expert.

    Solicitor – September 2018
  • Alan Henderson was a very knowledgeable witness, clearly very familiar with his subject matter and capable of explaining it too. I would not hesitate to use him in the future.

    Barrister, August 2019
  • I have to thank you for all the help you have given me in preparing for this and in giving your evidence, which I think was very convincing and went a long way to this acquittal. 

    Solicitor - March 2019
  • I will definitely use Dr Schudel in the future and will be recommending him to my colleagues.

    Counsel, March 2020
  • I would like to thank you both for all your help on this case, and the tasks you had to perform at short notice.  Your assistance was greatly appreciated.

    Solicitor - May 2019
  • We have been using your services for a number of years and have always been very happy with the service provided.

    Solicitor - April 2019
  • Adrian Armstrong is an excellent witness who easily out-shone the police expert.

    Barrister - November 2018
  • John Tarpey's expert report was full and allowed me to present the material to the court effectively and allowed me, with his assistance, to effectively challenge the prosecution expert's assertions.

    Barrister – November 2018
  • Mr Prime reported to us with great efficiency and presented his evidence to the Jury in an extremely persuasive manner.

    Counsel, March 2020
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    Solicitor, June 2020
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    Private client - March 2019
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    Solicitor – July 2019
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    Solicitor – May 2019
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    Private client - April 2019
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    Solicitor, January 2020
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    Solicitor – June 2019
  • Just a very high quality, professional service.

    Solicitor, December 2019
  • I have instructed you for many years and always find yourselves to be helpful, efficient and reports are prepared in an easy to digest format.

    Solicitor, October 2019
  • Thank you for your hard work in this case and for the prompt responses. 

    Barrister, March 2020
  • Prompt and efficient communication, met the deadline, carried out the instructions.

    Solicitor – October 2018
  • Always a pleasure working with you guys; our first choice for instruction.

    Solicitor, November 2019
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    Solicitor, May 2020
  • Consistently reliable. Reports are very easy to read.

    Solicitor – July 2019
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    Private client, July 2020
  • We have used KBC on many occasions in the past and have always had a reliable service.

    Solicitor, April 2020
  • Communication and speed of delivery of information was, as always, excellent.

    Solicitor, April 2020
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    Solicitor – October 2018
  • I found Mr Prime to be a very good natured and competent expert witness who presented well in the witness box.

    Barrister – July 2019
  • I was able to have a meaningful conversation with a specialist when obtaining a quote for the work.

    Solicitor, June 2020
  • Alan Henderson was excellent.  Very knowledgeable on this area of law.  Provided an excellent report, with speed.

    Solicitor – November 2018
  • You guys are simply the best.

    Solicitor - September 2018
  • Prompt and reliable service.

    Solicitor – October 2018
  • Complete satisfaction with services.

    Solicitor, September 2019
  • I can say that I am very satisfied with the service I have received from KBC, starting with my initial phone call and interaction your colleague when I made my initial enquiry, right up to the report being received. I would certainly use KBC again and would recommend you to my colleagues.

    Solicitor, January 2020
  • Excellent reports within Legal Aid rates.

    Solicitor, November 2019
  • Quick, professional, friendly, comprehensive.

    Prison Governor, June 2020
  • I found the service to be very professional throughout.

    Solicitor, October 2019
  • I am really grateful for your assistance in this case; I am sure it made the pivotal difference.

    Solicitor – May 2019
  • Exceptional service.

    Solicitor – November 2018
  • Jenny Gray acted with the utmost integrity throughout. This was noted in open court by the judge hearing the case.

    Solicitor, October 2019
  • Prompt and efficient handling of initial enquiries and arrangements to inspect Prosecution exhibits.

    Solicitor - March 2019
  • Excellent communication, timescales met despite difficulties with police & CPS.

    Solicitor – November 2018
  • Mr Appleby was truly excellent. While giving evidence it was plain that he has achieved the perfect blend of clarity and authoritative charisma.

    Barrister, December 2019
  • We have used KBC for many years: always helpful, plenty of experts & LAA seems to be happy with estimates for CRM4 application purposes.

    Solicitor - August 2019
  • Comprehensive and comprehendible expert’s report; first class response to queries.

    Solicitor – December 2018
  • I have had the pleasure of the assistance of Mike Appleby on a number of occasions now and he is an excellent man to have around. 

    Counsel, March 2020
  • Jenny Gray was excellent and very helpful throughout.

    Barrister, November 2019
  • We have been instructing KBC for the last 20 years or so, and they are listed as our first choice on our database. I have never had any cause for complaint and the experts have always acted with integrity and professionalism.

    Solicitor – January 2019
  • Very fast, professional, easy to instruct.

    Solicitor, November 2019
  • Quick and efficient; and well laid out report.

    Solicitor, November 2019
  • Please pass on my thanks to Emma Youngson for the speed at which she completed the report; I am very grateful.

    Solicitor - July 2019
  • I found the quality of the report very high, and I am aware that Dr Davey had to work hard to hit the deadline because of other commitments.

    Solicitor – January 2019
  • Quick, efficient and professional.

    Solicitor - February 2019
  • Extremely quick and efficient.

    Solicitor – September 2018
  • Mr Brown was an impressive witness. As far as I am concerned, you can give him full marks all round.

    Counsel, March 2020
  • Both our client and I were very impressed by your expert evidence. I will be singing your praises for years to come.

    Solicitor – July 2019
  • Mike Prime’s presentation on paper, in conferences and from the witness box was excellent on what is a very difficult and sad case.  My client’s family particularly wished to express their gratitude.  They found that he made “more sense than the prosecution expert”.

    Solicitor – October 2018
  • Great communication and updates.

    Solicitor – December 2018
  • Your service was exemplary.

    Solicitor – January 2019
  • Fast service; timely response to communication.

    Solicitor, January 2020
  • Swift service.

    Solicitor, March 2020
  • Mr Dampier made an incredibly complicated matter easy to understand.

    Barrister, February 2020
  • Efficient and helpful in a complex case.

    Solicitor – December 2018
  • Quality service, helpful staff, prompt reports.  Our company has used Keith Borer Consultants for many years.

    Solicitor - February 2019
  • Mr Beatson was very helpful and professional, clearly with a wide range of knowledge and understanding.

    Solicitor, March 2020
  • There are times when DNA evidence can be a little dry, but Mike Appleby's presentation and delivery to the jury was pitch perfect.

    Barrister, December 2019
  • Reasonably priced compared to other experts.

    Solicitor – May 2019

Keith Borer Consultants is a division of Orchid Cellmark Ltd, a company registered in England at 16 Blacklands Way, Abingdon, OX14 1DY.

Registered No. 4045527; VAT registration No. GB 750 0292 64

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