EncroChat dates to 2015 and is a Dutch company with at least one of its servers based in France. In early 2020, the EncroChat system was infiltrated by the National Gendarmerie and in March 2020 they started to investigate the messages jointly with the Dutch Police.
The use of CCTV as evidence led to the development of the discipline we know as Forensic Imagery Analysis. In addition to CCTV, analysts examine imagery from other sources, e.g. dashcams or body worn video.
Digital forensic experts are regularly instructed in family cases as single joint experts. Generally, instructions can be divided into three categories:
Ross Donnelly has had an article entitled "Can Google Takeout Location Data Be Trusted?" published by the online digital forensics publication, DFIR Review.
Arson is an offence which falls under the Criminal Damage Act 1971 in England and Wales, and the Criminal Damage (Northern Ireland Order) 1977. Scotland uses the similar charge of wilful fire-raising, contrary to Common Law.